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Adolf and Helene Goldmann

In this photo you can see my father- and mother-in-law. When the photo was taken, I hadn’t yet met them.

My father-in-law emigrated to Germany from a Polish small town when he was 19 years old. He didn’t have anything.

But over the years, he established a big leatherwork factory, got a house and a car with a chauffeur.

Before the war, he even presented his products at the Leipzig Trade Show.

“If you’re smart and on the top, buy a purse in our shop” – that was one of his slogans for his products. Lotte, his oldest daughter, also worked in the factory.

Jenny Wahl and her friend

In this photo you can see my sister-in-law Jenny, my husband’s sister, with one of her friends in Dessau.

Jenny came to Palestine in 1939. She lived in Berlin with her husband Josef Wahl. Her son Hanania was born there in 1939. Josef worked for the Jewish Agency.

He had to leave overnight, because they were looking for him. The Nazis were going to pick him up.

So he disappeared overnight, went to Dessau and stayed with his parents-in-law.

Erna Goldmann

This is me at a meeting of the Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together. We went to the Frankfurt City-Forest with our bikes and we went to camp together.

I still have some photos from back then. We met several times a week, even after Hitler had risen to power.

Erna Goldmann

This is me at a meeting of the Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together. We went to the Frankfurt City-Forest with our bikes and we went to camp together. I still have some photos from back then.

Erna Goldmann

This is me at a meeting of the Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together.

We went to the Frankfurt City-Forest with our bikes and we went to camp together. I still have some photos from back then. We met several times a week, even after Hitler had risen to power.

Erna Goldmann as a little girl

This is me in 1922, in front of our house at Eschenheimer Anlage 30.

We had some kind of front yard, a kind of green patch with a small fountain.

We had a Jewish maid and a Christian cook. And when we were small, we had a nanny, too.

During the last few years, until 1929, there were only the cook and the maid.

My family loved me dearly. I had two older brothers, and they spoiled me. My parents and my grandparents, too.

A little baby-daughter, after two sons. That always makes parents happy, doesn’t it?

Erna Goldmann

When this photo was taken in Frankfurt, I was 16 years old.

I attended a Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together. We went to the Frankfurt City-Forest with our bikes and we went to camp together.

Moshe Goldmann at Eschenheimer Anlage in Frankfurt

This is my husband Martin. His Jewish name was Moshe.

In this photo, he is standing in front of our house at Eschenheimer Anlage in Frankfurt.

I met my husband in 1933 in the Zionist Youth Movement “Blau-Weiß”. He was 20, and I was only 16. Moshe lived in Dessau.

I think his mother Helene came from Vienna; his father Adolf Goldmann was born into an eastern European Jewish family from Poland. Moshe went to Palestine in 1934.

He visited me frequently between 1933 and 1934. But the most time we spent at “Blau-Weiß” together.

Erna Goldmann

I was 15 years old when this photo was taken in Frankfurt.

I attended a Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together.

Erna Goldmann

I was 15 years old when this photo was taken in Frankfurt.

I attended a Zionist youth movement named “Blau-Weiß” [Blue-White].

This youth movement was just one of many Zionist groups back then; it was very well known at the time.

We didn’t go out to cafés, or to eat, we didn’t do that. We went hiking, we sang, and we talked a lot about Israel.

My life was never boring, because we were always together. We went to the Frankfurt City-Forest with our bikes and we went to camp together.

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